recvfrom function reads a packet from a datagram socket and
also tells you where it was sent from. This function is declared in
Preliminary: | MT-Safe | AS-Safe | AC-Safe | See POSIX Safety Concepts.
recvfrom function reads one packet from the socket
socket into the buffer buffer. The size argument
specifies the maximum number of bytes to be read.
If the packet is longer than size bytes, then you get the first size bytes of the packet and the rest of the packet is lost. There’s no way to read the rest of the packet. Thus, when you use a packet protocol, you must always know how long a packet to expect.
The addr and length-ptr arguments are used to return the address where the packet came from. See Socket Addresses. For a socket in the local domain the address information won’t be meaningful, since you can’t read the address of such a socket (see Local Namespace). You can specify a null pointer as the addr argument if you are not interested in this information.
The flags are interpreted the same way as for
(see Socket Data Options). The return value and error conditions
are also the same as for
This function is defined as a cancellation point in multi-threaded programs, so one has to be prepared for this and make sure that allocated resources (like memory, files descriptors, semaphores or whatever) are freed even if the thread is canceled.
You can use plain
recv (see Receiving Data) instead of
recvfrom if you don’t need to find out who sent the packet
(either because you know where it should come from or because you
treat all possible senders alike). Even
read can be used if
you don’t want to specify flags (see I/O Primitives).